Native American spirituality is circular in nature
Dialogue within a circle is also used in restorative, reconciliatory and healing processes. In North America, they are widely used among the First Nations people of Canada and among the many tribes of Native Americans in the US.
“Healing circles are often called hocokah
in the Lakota language (Teton Sioux), which means a sacred circle and is also the word for altar. The hocokah
consists of people who sit together in a talking circle, in prayer, in ceremony, and are committed to helping one another and to each other’s healing.” ~ Lewis Mehl-Madrona
In New Zealand the youth justice system incorporates a similar restorative healing circle that follows Māori cultural processes. The Rangatahi Courts, Ngā Kōti Rangatahi, is held on a marae (traditional tribal meeting place) to better engage rangatahi (young people) and their whānau, hapū and iwi (family, sub-tribe, tribe) in the justice process.